Tag Archive | ringing

Waders in Wales

Over Halloween weekend I made a trip to Wales to take part in a wader ringing weekend organised by SCAN ringing group  coordinated by fellow ex-Curlew field worker Steve Dodd. A busy weekend which involved mist netting Friday night and a cannon “shoot” on Saturday and Sunday. Ringing took place in a nature reserve between Bangor and Conwy in north Wales. After 11 hours of travel (bus x 3, ferry, train & a lift from Rachel), I met the assembled team (in the dark) who had set the mist nets. Base camp was set up (where birds would be ringed and processed) and I borrowed a set of waders (thanks Emilie) to join the extraction team in the wet muddy parts of the reserve.


Approximate locations of mist netting (red) and cannon netting (yellow) sites

After a welcome slow start (allowing adjustment to the dark & the mud) the birds arrived and began appearing in the nets attracted by the tapes. We worked carefully, without light where possible, to extract the waders. Despite my experience with passerines, I found the extraction quite difficult, however Steve & Richard were always close by to help and offer tips. About an hour after high tide we closed the nets and went to assist the ringing & processing team. In total 82 Redshank, 34 Dunlin, 2 Curlew, 2 Black-tailed Godwits and a single Knot were caught. Once the last bird was released, all equipment was swiftly packed up and it was home for a few hours sleep before an early start to set cannon nets.


Looking north along the coast at Llanfairfechan – close to the cannon net site


Getting comfortable next to the cables to wait for high tide to push birds close to the nets

Although this was my second time attending a cannon net “shoot” it was a very different experience. As the nets were being set from scratch each day I got to experience the whole process from start to finish. This gave me more of an understanding and appreciation of how much time, equipment and expertise is involved in cannon netting (and how many factors need to come together for it to work). I was delighted to be involved in many different parts (especially the connecting up the “chocolate blocks“) and everyone made sure I felt like part of the team and was kept busy!


One of the first steps in the process is to cover the birds to keep them calm

After multiple briefings and what seemed like an eternity (patience is very important!), I heard the magic words “3,2,1” followed by bang. Everyone dashed to the net and got to work covering, extracting, placing birds in keeping cages and finally ringing and releasing.


The team working together to extract birds and shuttle them to the keeping cages

Once birds were safely in keeping cages, we divided up into teams and the ringing and processing began.


The numbered keeping cages, made from heavy duty fabric, have velcro “lids” with an opening underneath for inserting and removing birds

Among the 418 Oystercatchers (the target species for the catch) and 25 Curlew caught we had one Bar-tailed Godwit and one Black-tailed Godwit. I was given the chance to ring the Bar-tailed Godwit and it was a great opportunity to see these two very similar species up close and compare their differentiating features.


Comparing the tails of Bar-tailed Godwit (left) and Black-tailed Godwit (right)


Ageing and ringing the Oystercatchers – all overseen by Dave and Richard


The processing team lead by Steve & Rachel with Tom, Will & Orinoco to keep everyone company!

About one third of the Oystercatchers caught were already ringed. The majority of these were ringed in previous years by the SCAN group (retraps), with the oldest retrap of the day being 29 years old – older than quite a few members of the ringing group. The record for the longest living Oystercatcher in the BTO ringing scheme currently stands at 40 years, 1 month and 2 days.  Among the ringed birds, we had 3 foreign controls, ringed in Iceland including JA a colour ringed bird. Initially I thought the colour ring was not white, but faded yellow meaning it could belong to the Dublin Bay Birds Project, but I was wrong, it was just dirty!


Oystercatcher (JA) originally colour ringed in Iceland controlled by SCAN ringing group in North Wales

By mid afternoon all birds had been ringed and released and it was time to pack up. Another efficient clean up operation meant more time available for tea drinking and rest. On Sunday morning a net was set in a green field, before high tide, with the aim of catching Curlew. After all equipment was set up, I was given the opportunity to be part of the team that would sit in the hide, so I had a birds eye view of moments before the net being shot.


View from the inside of the hide

IMG_4714_hide team.jpg

Hide Team – with Ava, Tom and Richard


Curlew gathering next to decoys in the field just below the tree line

A few new pieces of equipment were introduced to me, including the hide and the “jiggler” (not the gigolo as I called it) – a simple but useful piece of string used to gentle encourage the birds away from the area immediately in front of the cannons (it appears cannon netting has it’s only set of terminology!)


Some of the team members ringing and processing Curlew

I thoroughly enjoyed a very well organised weekend catching waders with a group of knowledgeable and friendly ringers. I would definitely recommend a visit for any ringer interested in experiencing cannon netting.

Finally catch totals for the weekend (from my notes):

  • 418 Oystercatcher
  • 82 Redshank
  • 47 Curlew
  • 34 Dunlin
  • 3 Black-tailed Godwit
  • 1 Bar-tailed Godwit
  • 1 Knot

It’s been a Curlew year for me – from surveying on the breeding grounds in the summer to ringing on the coast in the winter

Copeland Bird Observatory – Sept 3/4th

A collection of photos from a trip to Copeland Bird Observatory organised by the Belfast and Down Ringing Group on September 3rd & 4th 2016.

Sunrise over Mew Island

Sunrise over Mew Island

Early morning ringing at full swing - David, Kez and Laurence

Early morning ringing at full swing – David, Kez and Laurence

Ringing team from Belfast & Down Ringing Group at Copeland Island

Ringing team from Belfast & Down Ringing Group at Copeland Island

The hungry "lost" racing pigeon gets fed, after coming into the obs searching for food!

The hungry “lost” racing pigeon gets fed, after coming into the obs searching for food!

Some really clear examples of moult limits in Chiffchaffs born this year

Nice example of moult limit in first year Chiffchaff. The 4 unmoulted old greater coverts (OGCs) have a pale washed out sandy colour to the edge – September 2016.

First year Chiffchaff with moulted central tail feathers

First year Chiffchaff with moulted central tail feathers – new adult type feathers are broader with a greenish edge – September 2016.

First year Robin

First year Robin with speckled plumage, remains of gape and short bill – September 2016.

First year Robin in the middle of post juvenile moult - note missing inner greater coverts

First year Robin going through post juvenile moult – note missing inner greater coverts and 6 OGC’s with buff-orange tips. September 2016.

First year Robin with growth bars across tail feathers

First year Robin with growth bars across tail feathers – note pointed tips also. September 2016.

Small amount of brown remaining in crown feathers of first year male Blackcap

Small amount of brown remaining in crown feathers of first year male Blackcap. September 2016.

Subtle moult limit in first year male Blackcap - 1OGC

Subtle moult limit in first year male Blackcap – 1OGC. September 2016.

Pointed tail feathers of first year male Blackcap

Pointed tail feathers of first year male Blackcap. September 2016.

Tail feathers from two Female Blackcaps

Comparison of tail feather shape in female Blackcaps. First year (left) and adult (right). September 2016.

Wood Pigeon wing – suggestions on age welcome! September 2016.

First year Swallow with moulted body feathers

First year Swallow after partial post juvenile moult (moulted feathers on back, head vent and coverts show blueish tinge). September 2016.

First year Meadow Pipit following partial post juvenile moult

First year Meadow Pipit following partial post juvenile moult – moult limit evident in greater coverts (7 or possibly 8 OGCs).

Returning to the mainland

Returning to the mainland in the sunshine!


Learning to read again

Over the last month or two, I have been learning to read again, but in a whole different way – reading colour rings on birds legs! A bit of a specialised skill, I must admit, which involves spending a considerable amount of time standing in one place, staring at birds’ legs through a powerful telescope, looking for coloured bands, which sometimes have letters / numbers inscribed on the ring. It’s a tad embarrassing, but I do get a rush of excitement when I spot a colour ring and huge satisfaction when I finally get all the details! If you are wondering WHY birds get bling like this the BTO explains it all here. And if you happen to see a bird with bling, please tell someone about it – here’s how.


The view from behind the scope at Omeath, looking across Carlingford Louth towards the Mourne Mountains

At Omeath, on the south side of Carlingford lough, close to the newly established Greenway, which I must find time to explore properly, I stopped to examine a mixed flock of birds roosting (chilling out, pruning etc.) at the waters edge. I scanned through the birds and was thrilled to spot a blue colour ring on a Common Gull (Larus canus), which I eventually read as 2AHX.

COmmon gull colour ring

A poor photo of the Common Gull (Larus canus) 2AHX at Omeath, standing next to an Oystercatcher

I sent the details to Shane Wolsey from the BTO in Northern Ireland and he was able to tell me that 2AHX was ringed on Copeland Island on the 29th of June 2013 as a pullus (chick). This was the first time the bird has been seen since!

Common Gull Details

Common Gull 2AHX ringed at Copeland Island (blue) and re-sighted at Omeath (red) a distance of ca. 84km. 

Just across the water in Warrenpoint, I spied a large gathering of gulls on the roof of a warehouse close to the harbour. Before the morning traffic started, I set up the scope on the footpath in the middle of town and began searching through hundreds of legs for a splash of colour. My heart skipped a beat (is this sad?!) as I spotted a white band on the red-ish leg of a Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus). I edged closer, being careful not to get run over, and with a bit of patience and a lot of luck, I managed to read the ring – T5J4.

BH_white T5J4

Black-headed Gull T5J4 (top right) at Warrenpoint Harbour.

After asking some local ringers which scheme this bird might belong to, details were sent off to the Polish Ringing Scheme in Gdansk. It turns out this bird was ringed on the 5th of June 2011 as a pullus (chick) and has travelled almost 1,550 km to Warrenpoint – the point obviously has a lot to offer! Black-headed gulls which breed in northern Europe and around the Baltic Sea migrate to western Europe (including Ireland and the UK) for the winter. Check out bhgullsni for all the news on Black-headed gulls in Northern Ireland!

Black headed gull map

Black-headed Gull T5J4 ringed in eastern Poland (blue) and re-sighted in Warrenpoint (red) a distance of almost 1,550km.